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Water Crisis in Brazil

Tuesday - 11:00 - 12:30


Governance , Regional Process , Regional Process


Room 36


[HLP 04]

This session will discuss how Brazilian metropolitan regions are facing water crisis. Water rationing, supply problems or reservoirs at alert levels are a reality in several metropolitan regions in Brazil and in the world, impacting on the population, as well as on sanitation companies, industries, farmers or the electric sector. This problem is influenced by environmental aspects, including the average rainfall below expectations and also by political issues and the economic development model.
Recently, Campina Grande (Paraíba State) reached a regular water supply after a strong 5 days a week rationing caused by a 5-years drought. Full collapse was avoided by the beginning of operations of the São Francisco Water Transfer Project (PISF in Portuguese), a large infrastructure built by the Ministry of National Integration. Anticipation of this operation was made possible by strong cooperation with São Paulo State that lent pumping systems originally used to face the 2014/2015 water crisis in their metropolitan areas.
Federal District is facing a strong drought that made local Government adopt measures to rationalize water consumption. New infrastructure plants were also build in cooperation with the Ministry of National Integration.
Ceará is also facing a 5-years drought that made State’s reservoirs reach a zero volume. The main effort to avoid collapses in Fortaleza and other major cities is to finish another operational axis of the São Francisco Water Transfer Project coupled with transitional water pumping systems.
Lessons learned from the water crisis in the cities of São Paulo, Campina Grande, Fortaleza and the Federal District based on strong political cooperation and approximation of technical and political decision makers are going to be presented and discussed.
Irani Braga Ramos