The Mediterranean region faces many climate change challenges, with projected increase in temperature, decrease in precipitation, and more frequent extreme events (floods and droughts). These climate change effects will significantly impact the water sector and multiple economic sectors, including vulnerable people, assets and food security. There is a need to develop appropriate climate-smart water policies and practices to build climate resilience to lower the risks. Many Mediterranean countries have already or are in the process to develop adaptation plans and strategies. However, it remains challenging to include measures to climate-smart water security. Policymakers should be fully aware of the latest scientific knowledge in managing risk and uncertainty for climate resilience, and be capable of utilizing those scientific findings to make informed decisions to embrace sound policy instruments to support climate change adaptation. Technology transfer to make climate-related water information available is essential. Policy instruments for climate-smart adaptation in the water sectors should investigate various options including desalination, groundwater recharge, wastewater reuse, water demand management and planning for less future water and extreme events. Innovative financing mechanisms should also be sought.
Khaled Abuzeid/Celine Dubreuil